Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy operation is one of the primary methods in obesity operations (in other words, bariatric surgery interventions), which are the worldwide treatment of being overweight. As is known, obesity is an important risk factor for hypertension, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, resistance, osteoarthritis (rheumatism), sleep apnoea syndrome, depression, liver steatosis, liver cirrhosis, gallstones, stroke/palsy, some dermatological diseases, mental diseases, asthma, muscular and skeletal system problems, prostate and such cancers as breast, uterus and colon cancer.
Sleeve gastrectomy operation is performed by laparoscopically opening small holes on the abdomen and extracting the stomach by 80% to 85% from these holes with the help of a camera. It is a restrictive operation method reducing the food intake capacity of the stomach. Since the operation is performed with a closed method, the patient is protected from the risk of pain, hernia and wound infection. The suitable age range for this operation is between 18 and 65.
Laparoscopic method (closed method or without incision) that is preferred for the operation shortens the anesthesia process compared to traditional open surgery; and it enables the patient to have a less painful, more comfortable process and to recover faster. Sleeve gastrectomy operation targets weight loss by shrinking the stomach. If it is necessary to evaluate all the methods of obesity surgery, 50-75% loss of excess weight on average is a successful and possible target. This target is reached at the end of 1 year. However, the weight loss rate and the process afterward are highly relevant to the patient’s age, sex, concomitant diseases and eating habits. To manage the postoperative period effectively and to realize the lifestyle changes will lead you to the desired result.